Optical Sensing for Orthopedic Surgery
Photo: Fisher et al.
Knees and hips wear out. Backs and necks become unstable. Fortunately, orthopedic surgeons specialize in musculoskeletal repair. And surgeries that formerly required open exposure are now accomplished with minimally invasive techniques. Surgical risks are reduced, as are postoperative pain and recovery time.
Orthopedic surgery is among the most common types of surgery, especially in developed countries with aging populations. In the US alone, surgeries for spinal fusion and knee or hip replacement amount to more than a million cases each year.
Imaging methods such as endoscopy, CT scanning, and infrared navigation assist surgical planning ...