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Regular Coffee Intake Associated with Reductions in Incident CVD, Arrhythmias, & Mortality

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Studies have shown beneficial effects of coffee intake on arrhythmias and CVD prevention. However, the most of these studies were limited to small sample sizes. The current study investigated the association between coffee intake and CVD, incident arrhythmia, and all-cause mortality using a large cohort of 38,2535 individuals from the UK Biobank. CVD was defined as a composite of coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive cardiac failure (CCD), and stroke.

Median age of the participants was 59 years and 52% were women. Coffee intake was obtained from questionnaires and categorized into 0 (reference), <1, 1, 2-3 ...