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Rare Individuals Can 'Block & Lock' HIV in Their Chromosomes

Health News

A study has revealed how an unusual and rare group of people known as “elite controllers” prevent HIV from replicating in their bodies without any need for treatment.

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimate that at the end of 2019 there were 38 million people with HIV infections, globally. To date, the virus has claimed the lives of around 33 million people.

Once inside a host cell, a retrovirus such as HIV replicates by converting its RNA genetic material into DNA and incorporating this into the DNA of the host cell. The virus then hijacks the cell’s ...